Consequence of this reality is the poverty that is seen in the localities that are of the plain pilot of the extration project. A question of protection of nature is a point that comes being debated with some countries and not governmental organizations. In the decades of 1970 the 1990 the great concern was ambientalista, with the investments in the protection of the nature, in the turn of the millenium ' ' development sustentvel' ' it takes new route. Its economic, clear source becomes gradually stronger in some levels, a process that, evidently, the Amaznia involves. The natural capital is become fullfilled. ' ' development sustentvel' ' he is one of the slogas that the companies in recent years come using so that its products acquire an aggregate value.
The value of that its products had been produced on the basis of a project sustainable. Company as, for example, the cosmetic natura is an example of this. This favors the conservation of the Amaznia, has seen, that to fortify the economic interest in conserving the region. With the natural capital it appeared fictitious merchandises as air, the life and the water. The occupation of the Amazonian territory to possess two characteristics: first it occurred of linear form for the rivers and the roads, thanks to the public and private investments. In these areas of investments it occurred great impacts on the environment, therefore with them it had agrarian intensification of the forest fires and conflicts (concentration that do not exceed the 100 kilometers in each edge of the roads). Second it becomes related first. The adensamento of roads in the east of Par, and Maranho, Tocantins, Mato Grosso and Rondnia, composes, in one another scale, a great arc of povoamento that folloies the edge of the forest, exactly where if they had implanted the roads. In these areas cerne of the regional economy is placed, the exception of the economy of enclaves represented by the ZFM and some mineral projects.