In recent years, Venezuela through its so-discussed current Government revolutionary Bolivarian, under the management of the Lieutenant Colonel Hugo Chavez, has generated a new opening in its foreign trade policy, giving way to alliances with countries such as China. Russia, Iran, India, for pointing out some, which leads to determine, so prepared is your business sector to exploit these opportunities, how could venture into these markets, how to promote these partnerships. Indeed, we see with concern that such openings, manifested a lack of preparation for the companies that currently operate, many companies, especially SMEs, they weren’t prepared for it, also, of be facing at present, serious problems in its operation, functionality, as a result of the actions of the State with regard to tax, foreign exchange rates, threats to the property and other factors that have seriously affected their organizational behavior. On the other hand, the reality the country’s forces to think that with the current economic and political conditions in international trade you cannot deploy it efficiently because there is still not a serious approach based on economic and financial criteria, where the return on investment is handled as a key item for the general benefit, and while this will be the national environment, the Venezuelan businessman will continue to have many challenges in the short, medium and long term to be able to adapt. The Venezuelan business sector and in particular SMEs, presents some of the following weaknesses: lack of interest and information by the managers know the different trade policies of each country to achieve penetrate different markets finding the expansion of our products and the successful importation of products that are really necessary and profitable for. We need to stop being conformist and continue importing unnecessary products, when Venezuela has enough tools to develop raw material and in turn generate the product, achieving change the landscape the country’s economy towards the export of new products and not only depend on oil.