As already it was said, previously, we will analyze some points of the narrative in the workmanship the Cheese and the Worms, of Carlo Guinzburg. This book, according to author, was written for laypeople and specialists, therefore a concern with a relatively accessible communicability is perceived. We confirm this assertion, when we observe, for example, that the author left notes of baseboard for the end, possibly, not to atravancar the reading. The workmanship is composed as an inquest and it will be based on two processes of the Menocchio miller before the Ofcio Saint. Of this form, he is counted daily and the ideas of a miller pursued for the Inquisition, in which it will be burnt between 1599 and 1601. The author tells to the history of the protagonist using a satiated one documentation that in will show which to them was the readings of Menocchio, its quarrels as well as its thoughts and feelings. A reconstruction of its fisionomia, partially overcast will be carried through, of its culture and its social context in which it meets. According to Guinzburg, ' ' the case of Menocchio is the fact of these obscure popular elements to be enxertados in a set of clear and very consequent ideas, that go of the religious radicalism to the tendencialmente scientific naturalismo, to the utopian aspirations of renewal social' ' (GUINZBURG, 2006:19). Doravante, if arrives the conclusion that Menocchio is an individual, pparently, it are of the common one, and would be cabvel inquiring in them, which the relevance can have, in a general plan, the ideas and the beliefs of an only individual in relation to the ones of its social level, since we cannot consider it as a typical peasant, a time that its in case that he is relative to the isolation of the community. In the posfcio of the workmanship of Peter Burke, in which I cited previously, some writings of Renato Janine Ribeiro meet verifying that our protagonist was a man whom the life passed constructing a cosmology and possua a passion to think and to speak.