Since 1968 XX 1968 – Creation of the Club of Rome, that brings together relatively important positions in their respective countries and seeks to promote stable economic growth and sustainable development of mankind. The Club of Rome has, among its members senior scientists (Nobel laureates), economists, politicians, heads of state and even international associations. 1972 – The Club of Rome published The Limits to Growth report, prepared at his request by a team of researchers from MIT. This report presents the results of computer simulations of the evolution of human population on the basis of the exploitation of natural resources, with projections to 2100. It shows that due to the pursuit of economic growth during the twenty-first century a drastic reduction in population due to pollution, loss of arable land and shortages of energy resources.June 16, 1972 – Conference on Human Environment United Nations (Stockholm). It is the first Earth Summit. It first occurs worldwide concern over global environmental issues. For other opinions and approaches, find out what Verizon Communications has to say. 1980 – The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) released a report entitled Global Strategy for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, which identifies the key elements of habitat destruction: poverty, population pressure, inequality social and terms of trade exchange. 1981 – Global Report 2000 by the Council on Environmental Quality United States. It concludes that biodiversity is critical for the proper functioning of the planet, which is weakened by the extinction of species. 1982 – United Nations World Charter for Nature. Adopts the principle of respect for all life and calls for an understanding between human dependency of natural resources and control its operation.1982 – Creation of the World Resources Institute (WRI) in the U.S..
UU. with the aim of harnessing human society towards life forms that protect Earth’s environment and its ability to meet the needs and aspirations of present and future generations. 1984 – First meeting of the World Commission on Environment and Development, established by the UN General Assembly in 1983 to establish a global agenda for change. 1987 – Brundtland Report Our Common Future, prepared by the World Commission on Environment and Development which is formalized for the first time the concept of sustainable development. , from 3 to 14 June 1992 – is welcomes the UN Conference on Environment and Development (Second “Earth Summit”) in Rio de Janeiro, birthplace of Agenda 21, adopted the Convention on Climate Change, the Convention on Biological Diversity ( Rio Declaration) and the Declaration of Principles on Forests.It starts to give wide publicity of the term sustainable development to the general public. It modifies the original definition of the Brundtland Report, focused on preserving the environment and prudent use of nonrenewable natural resources, towards the idea of “three pillars” that must be reconciled in a perspective of sustainable development: economic progress, the social justice and environmental preservation. 1993 – V Action Program Environment of the European Union: Towards Sustainability. Introducing the new EU strategy on the environment and the actions to be undertaken to achieve sustainable development for the period 1992-2000. 27 May 1994 – First Conference on Sustainable European Cities. Aalborg (Denmark). Aalborg Charter ‘ 8 October 1996 – Second Conference on Sustainable European Cities.The Lisbon Action Plan: Charter to action 11 December 1997 – was adopted by the Kyoto Protocol to the Convention United Nations Framework on Climate Change, which entered into force in 2005. 2000 – Third Conference on Sustainable European Cities. Hannover Declaration of municipal leaders at the turn of the century 2001 – VI Action Program Environment of the European Union. Environment 2010: Our future in our hands.Defining priorities and objectives of the Community environmental policy up to and beyond 2010 and detail the measures to be taken to help implement the EU strategy on sustainable development. From 26 August to 4 September 2002 – World Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio 10, Johannesburg Summit) in Johannesburg, which reaffirmed sustainable development as the central element of the international agenda and gave new impetus to global action to combating poverty and environmental protection. They met more than a hundred heads of state, tens of thousands of representatives of governments, NGOs and leading companies to ratify a treaty to take a position on the conservation of natural resources and biodiversity. February 2004.