The truth is that the retreat of the divine right implies the emergence agreed forms, which are called constitutional and a new hierarchy is formed based on wealth. It required a single source of authority. It is, of course, in the French revolution where the bureaucratic centralization takes hold. Germany is unified in 1870 and was born the Reich. Rationalism created the idea of citizen, a uniform law and the equality of these citizens in front of him. Capitalism gave way to a man in freedom to sell their labour force. The State began the joint creation, bureaucratic to administer rules, banks and national armies.
The old feudal order was destroyed. The crisis of the nation-State today talk about the crisis of the nation-State, one that began in the 1970s, with three factors, without a doubt,: the oil blockade to the West, the internalization of the capital and, finally, the fall of the Socialist bloc, all aided by the fierce neoliberal attack against the State. The first factor showed an unprecedented face: the crisis of the model of growth and accumulation in the West, with a serious political consequence: the welfare state faltered and rupture of the conditions that allowed the arbitration of conflicts at the social level. The second entailed to a redistribution of power that already not respected national frameworks: the capital lost his face, moved at a global level, without nationality and unscrupulous in respect to the old frames. The third showed the military fall, domain of control by the poles when the world came running. The fall of the Soviet bloc did not step to a unipolar world and the end of history, but a process of confusion where the remaining American Empire gave its new military steps that did not represent anything other than rales in a way of exerting power economic and military, reaching what we now have, this isa few United States trying to maintain its influence in an indefinite collective and multilateral action.