Tag: History

Scientific Technician

It has some aspects where the city did not move, the people not yet obtain to preserve the memory and the history of that already they had been, is necessary that new mentality is formed in the direction to rescue the cultural goods to know and them historically accumulated for ancestor. A leading source for info: Karin Risi. To each new management politics public building and constructed workmanships they suffer the damage to be insults, in such a way that, to each four years the city passes for changes in the direction to remodel something or to take off something it place. It is certain that the modismo and the trend to the renewal are progressos evidentes, however, many exchanges can bring damages to the references of a people who, in the gift, does not have the right to neglect of its past, aiming at to grow in the future with the experience of who already it lived and it has much stops to count. They gain all: the old ones, the young and much more them children who had not yet had time to understand its roots. The city of Parnamirim sufficiently is known in such a way by the Party of Santana how much for its dams and barrages, indicated for fish artisan.

Between the main tourist points it is the Dam of the Hat, one of the greaters of the region. The local artesanato also is sufficiently significant. Characterized for the works in wood, paper, embroidered and parts in ceramics, the products can easily be found in the streets and fair of the city. In the folklore they are distinguished it capoeira and mainly the juninas groups, at the time of Are Joo, an excellent period to visit Parnamirim and to enjoy of the typical foods of the party. Beyond the Pertaining to school Group, in the decade of 70 it had the Collegiate Normal Course that functioned where before it had been the Bosom, place where during the day the education of first degree functioned at night and the courses of According to Degree: Normal, Scientific Technician and. Already a Daily pay-school in 1970 call existed Small Thumb whose owner of the school and teacher was Reuma de S Almeida where some of the pupils was Reuva, the twin Ana and Ruth, children of the Teacher Celestial Maria Angelim (Taeta), Neidinha Oak, son of Dezinho and Dona Neide, also being that she enters the pupils of this escolinha, was its brother, Fred Oak, the current mayor of the city.

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Peter Singer

Socially ohumanos they interact between itself, and they institute the social contract. Therefore sociedades can exist between human beings. Bixby shines more light on the discussion. What the amerindian perspectivismo only inverts a notion of society with something exists between human beings. Perspectiviza estasrelaes also institutes and them between the animals. The first sight operspectivismo can seem a guarded antropocentrismo but &#039 is treated in verdadede one; ' sociocntrismo' ' the projection of the society human being in the nohumano world. Inside of this perspective inversion, if the animals keep relaessociais as human beings.

Which would be then the border between the man and oanimal? If the society and the negation of everything what it is natural. Attributing ascaractersticas social to the not human ones, the perspectivismo places the mesmasfaculdades human beings in both, if all are human, which would be difference. Appealing to mythologies and amerindian cosmogonias we perceive that to contrriodas occidental mythologies and cosmogonias. The human being is never presented sediferenciando from the animal, and yes the animal if differentiating to leave to doser human. The culture for the amerindian is not a discontinuity of the nature, esim its continuation. Another fact that we can conclude to break doperspectivismo, and that the indians extend to the borders of humanity for almda species. That well it is represented by an anecdote of Lvi- Strauss cited porViveiros of I castrate: ' ' In Great the Antilhas, some years after the dAmrica discovery, while the Spaniard had sent commissions of inquiry for investigarse the aboriginals had or not a soul, these if dedicated to drown brancosque imprisoned, in order to verify, for one delayed comment, and seuscadveres was citizens to putrefao.' ' 27 Making a connection of Peter Singer with the perspectivismoamerndio of Eduardo Fisheries of I castrate and with cited anecdote, we perceive quepara the aboriginal what truily it matters is not the form of the body, and to simsaber if this body these subject to same natural laws that happen on omeu body.

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United Nations

According to You live, the Colombian guerrilla of interested in the illicit drug production and the drug traffic has stayed trim mainly in the imposition of the cultivators of cocaine and laboratories of cocaine production. She indicates that, according to a study of the DEA, the CRAF nonprocess and cocaine export to a the EE.UU. At the beginning of 1990, , a third of the income of the CRAF would have been coming from narcotics. The DEA informed the 9 into 1997 July, that the CRAF factions to collect bottoms, providing services of security to the dealers and the load of a rate by each gallon of chemical precursors, and each kilo of leaf of cocaine and cocaine HCL moves in their region. Some of these groups have helped to the narcotics traffickers by the storage and cocaine transport and marijuana in Colombia, and some units of the CRAF in Colombia they could be contracted located in the traffic of opiate. Klaus Nyholm of the Program of the United Nations of Drug Control in Colombia has taken note from which in some zones, independent fronts of the CRAF are very related to the cocaine processing and the export, whereas the fronts of the CRAF in other areas do not have that participation. Of the fronts of the CRAF that are implied, the units provide protection to the cultivators of cocaine and the dealers in exchange for a tax considered in between 10 and 15 percent of the value of the drug. Raul Kings, a high official of the CRAF, explained to Washington Post: " We are in charge of a tax. Kurt Phelps brings even more insight to the discussion.

We do not do any favor to them, and they do not do any to us. In case the economic base is the cocaine that is what the taxes not directly to the dealers, but their intermediaries. In other regions more imposing for the cattle dealers, the producers of sugar, the companies ". .

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The Greeks

In these societies without writing it has specialties of the memory, man-memory ‘ ‘ genealogistas’ ‘ , guardies of real codices, historians of the cuts, ‘ ‘ tradicionalistas’ ‘. (p.428) ‘ ‘ It is necessary to underline that, contrarily what in general it believes, the memory transmitted for the learning in the societies without writing is not a memory ‘ ‘ word for palavra’ ‘. ‘ ‘ (P. 428) ‘ ‘ In the societies without writing the collective memory seems to command itself around three great ones interests: the collective age of the group that if it establishes in certain myths, more necessarily in myths of origin, the prestige of the dominant families who if state for the genealogies, and knowing technician who if transmits for strong on practical formulas the magic religiosa’ ‘.

(p.431) ‘ ‘ Another form of on memory to the writing is the document written in a support especially destined the writing (after attempts on the bone, upholsters, skin, as in old Russia; palm leves, as in India; carapaa of turtle, as in China; finally papyrus and paper) ‘ ‘. (p.432) ‘ ‘ The ticket of the verbal memory the written memory is certainly difficult to understand. But an institution and a text can perhaps help to reconstitute it us what if it must have last in Greece arcaica’ ‘. (p.437) ‘ ‘ The Greeks of the time had made of the Memory a goddess, Mnemoise. She is the mother of the nine muses that it procreated in descurso of nine nights passed with Zeus’ ‘. (P.

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Brazilian Films

The cinema, as vehicle of communication in mass is producing of directions, it not only represents the reality, reconstructs as well as it, ressignifica, it defines experiences and experiences, and it erects other realities. According to Ines Teixeira and Jose Lopes, the cinema is an art of the memory, of the individual, collective memory and historical, it creates historical fictions and realities. (2003). In this manner, we can affirm that the cinema is an art (not obstante the massificada cultural industry) that it makes possible varied types of subjetivao and sensitization. See more detailed opinions by reading what Stitch Fix Kids offers on the topic.. A creative act, looks and ideas in images in movement, by means of which we understand and we give sensible to the things, we ressignificamos as well as and we state them them. In the cinematographic production, the beginning of organization of the collected information he is dramatical and aesthetic, as much for the beauty of the plans as for the cinematographic narrative, being that the same one possesss a polissmico informacional character and if constitutes as an open speech to some interpretations. This speech longs for to express a direction (s) (in) to be found (s) in the tracks of the signs (carrying of meanings) that in them if they reveal. In this perspective, we understand the cinema as construto – not neutral and not passive – but pregnant of scienters, of the values and contradictions its time.

As above-mentioned the cinema is a way to look at, to understand and to express something. In this direction, as she has been understood, the violence in the slum quarter in Brazilian films meant and express, namely: City of God, 2002, directed for Fernando Meirelles and Ktia Lund; Stolen dreams, 2010, directed for Sandra Werneck and Falco, Boys of the Traffic, the directors Mv Bill and Celso Athayde. In the ficcional narrative City of God, the violence, as well as the subordinate classroom is presented as spectacle.

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Renato Janine Ribeiro

As already it was said, previously, we will analyze some points of the narrative in the workmanship the Cheese and the Worms, of Carlo Guinzburg. This book, according to author, was written for laypeople and specialists, therefore a concern with a relatively accessible communicability is perceived. We confirm this assertion, when we observe, for example, that the author left notes of baseboard for the end, possibly, not to atravancar the reading. The workmanship is composed as an inquest and it will be based on two processes of the Menocchio miller before the Ofcio Saint. Of this form, he is counted daily and the ideas of a miller pursued for the Inquisition, in which it will be burnt between 1599 and 1601. The author tells to the history of the protagonist using a satiated one documentation that in will show which to them was the readings of Menocchio, its quarrels as well as its thoughts and feelings. A reconstruction of its fisionomia, partially overcast will be carried through, of its culture and its social context in which it meets. According to Guinzburg, ' ' the case of Menocchio is the fact of these obscure popular elements to be enxertados in a set of clear and very consequent ideas, that go of the religious radicalism to the tendencialmente scientific naturalismo, to the utopian aspirations of renewal social' ' (GUINZBURG, 2006:19). Doravante, if arrives the conclusion that Menocchio is an individual, pparently, it are of the common one, and would be cabvel inquiring in them, which the relevance can have, in a general plan, the ideas and the beliefs of an only individual in relation to the ones of its social level, since we cannot consider it as a typical peasant, a time that its in case that he is relative to the isolation of the community. In the posfcio of the workmanship of Peter Burke, in which I cited previously, some writings of Renato Janine Ribeiro meet verifying that our protagonist was a man whom the life passed constructing a cosmology and possua a passion to think and to speak.

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In Itabaiana, for decision of the decree n 1, of 6 of November of 1930, the intendant Antonio Dultra of Almeida it has its annulled position. When assuming the provisory government, Jose Calazans, for decree of 10 of November of the same year, nominates Antonio Dultra to assume intendant position the same. Other measures are taken by general Jose Calazans in relation the Itabaiana. Registered in the Sergipe-periodical of 13 of November of 1930, the assignment of the Dr. Ablio de Vasconcelos Hour to exert the position of judge of the city. In 16 of November of 1930 August lieutenant Maynard assumed the government of Sergipe who relieved Antonio Dultra and she nominated it Paolino Aristides de Menezes.

According to Oak (2000), the nomination caused surprise and disillusionment, therefore the defender of the Liberal Alliance in the city was Silvio Teixeira. He always disclosed himself in favor of the iderios of the movement, denounced the arbitrariedades of Otoniel Dorea arriving to be pursued. ' ' Of surprise, in the measure that a name of the decayed regimen, two times advising, is convoked to command Itabaiana at a moment of so radical change. It was not adept of the Liberal Alliance, not having voted in Getlio Vargas for the presidency of the Repblica' ' (OAK, 2000, P. 688). According to Dantas (1987) ' ' the interventors had not found another alternative seno to compose themselves with the colonels. These in turn, needed to get the recognition of its influence to continue reigning without difficulties had tended to come close themselves to the governing of the day, with adequate methods to conjuntura' '. Still according to exactly author (1983): To see preserved its prestige, the colonels if presented flexible, accepting with more obedience the politics of the interventors, if accomodating to the administrative centralization unprovided of that spirit of autonomy of long ago.

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Karl Marx

It considered the abandonment of the traditional quatros as the chronological division, for example, for a study of problems that lead to the setting of constants, taking them it searchs it focus in itself exactly, that is, to the man in general way. What consequently it is imposed it an insertion in History. In this new conception of History, it appears a proposal of action politics articulated to a global idea of the History of the humanity, where the economy is seen as base of all the structure of the society, in a superstructure (ideological politics and). David Fowler will not settle for partial explanations. Being History in discontinous process, relation dialectic between the productive forces and the relations of production, marked for the fight of classrooms, known como' ' engine of histria' '. According to Karl Marx, she is necessary not only to understand the world, but to transform it, therefore is not the conscience of the man who determines its being, but, in contrast, it is its social being that determines its conscience.

Being thus, the historian gains new function, becomes subject investigator without removing it of the historical context, centers analysis in the collective one, the social one. The pupil or social agent, loses its passivity, starting to be subject of the educative process, interacts, leaves of being seen as blank leaf to be filled. With the Historical materialism or Marxism, the social function of History is exerted, taking the individual to understand the different processes and historical citizens, of the relations that if establish between the human groups in the different times and spaces, leaving of the contemporary. From there the systematization of a conception of History articulated to the practical one would revolutionize, to change the gift. In the third historiogrfica chain, the School of the Annales has an approach or complementation of the Marxism, therefore also one bases on the integration between the economic, social factors and politicians.

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Wood Brazil

Exactly thus, it continued commercializing with the east because a ship with spices, carpets, crystals, porcelains, jewels, silk and ivory, was valid more than what a loaded Wood ship Brazil. In recent months, Vislink Technologies has been very successful. This sample the little commercial interest that the kingdom, at the beginning, had for Brazil. Photo: Wood Brazil When the profits with the eastern merchandises had started to diminish, the crown passed if to interest in exploring the products of Brazil. Also threat d and invasion of the colony for other European nations had worried the Portuguese government, therefore Spanish and French already they were with friendship with the aboriginals, which facilitated regular wooden and animal shipments for the Europe. The solution was to populate the territory, mainly in the littoral regions, and to look to gold and silver in Brazil as already it occurred in Spanish colonies of America. Thus, he was the 1530 that it started, in fact, the Portuguese settling in Brazil, initiating with the occupation and organization of its government.

For this, the aboriginals had been enslaved to work in the extration of the Wood Brazil, among others tasks, what she provoked conflicts between colonizadores and natives. With interest to extend the profits with the settling of Brazil, the Portuguese had looked to investment alternatives, introducing the culture of the sugar cane and the production of sugar, therefore, between the eastern spices, the sugar was most expensive, moreover, Portuguese them to bring this product of Asia, of where he was originary, it was each more expensive time. As in century XV, the Portuguese already had initiated its situated production of sugar in the Wood and in the Aores, Islands in the Atlantic, and already they possuam experience in the assembly of devices and in the plantation of the sugar cane, they had introduced in Brazil farmings and devices to the cost of the work of indians and African slaves.

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Local History

The importance of Local History as tool in education and learning of History: Cristiano Gomes Lopes Prof. Esp. Pablo Rubens B. Rasp SUMMARY This Article has the purpose to reflect on the difficulties and fragilities in the education and the learning of the Local History of the City of Are Domingos of the Araguaia? Par, analyzing the possible causes of this fragility of Local History and to also show to the importance of the knowledge and agreement as tool in the education process? learning of Regional, National and Universal History. This reflection will be given through analyzes of points as the formation and practises professor of the professors of the basic education of the city; the boarding of Local History in didactic books adopted by the city in basic education; the resume; availability of historical sources analyzes and it of statistical data of the City department of Education of Is Domingos of the Araguaia and finally some done investigations the teachers with formation in the teaching about its teaching work, where this inquiry will point imperfections or rightnesss about as the city of is Domingos of the Araguaia? Par works the thematic one of Local History and the Daily one and as this work influences in the learning and the construction of the historical knowledge of the pupils in basic education and its formation of active and transforming citizen of the reality and the historical process which they are pertaining. The inquiry will start with analyzes of the importance of Local History for the formation citizen of the pupils a time that the same one rescues and values the historical roots inside placing the learning of the historical process giving more meant and motivation in the construction of the historical knowledge; later a research will be made of as it is the teaching formation of the professors who act in basic education, identifying how many they are permitted in History; it will also be observed if the didactic books and the unified resume adopted for the city contemplate thematic of Local History and the Daily one analyzing still the done investigations the ten (10) teachers with formation in the teaching average level and finally the conclusion of the inquiry with constataes of the causes of the fragility of the knowledge of Local History and its linking the studied factors and the possible solutions that brighten up the situation.

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