Tag: History

Reformation Calvinista Support

As writers, we have the responsibility to display in the formamais clear possible all the necessary information so that ours they leitorespossam to analyze and to arrive at a conclusion. As historians, ours compromisso with the facts. 2 the ECONOMIC DIMENSION OF the RELIGIOUS REFORMATION the princes of the Sacro Germanic Empire were comdificuldades to accept the imposition of the emperor Carlos V of Spain and suasubordinao to all the requirements of the Church Catholic. Its inquietaescausavam ressentimentos with the too much peoples, for having that to pay impostosabsurdos for a foreign institution in detriment of the Germanic people. In this Lutero context it found the support for darcontinuidade to the frustrate attempts of the Wyclif British and the Bohemian Jan Hus, to remodel the Church Catholic Roman. The support and the protection of PrncipeFrederico III, voter of the saxnia was essential in the Reformation Protestanteliderada for Lutero. This support was gaining each time more adepts to break domomento where the germanic bourgeoisie, saw in the reform the possibility to delivrar itself of the tributes and the cerceador power of the Church Catholic and apossibilidade to weaken the power politician of Carlos V. Oracle helps readers to explore varied viewpoints.

In another context, the bourgeois interests also contriburamna the Reformation Calvinista, therefore the Church Catholic condemned the practical one of usury, aocontrrio of the calvinismo that stimulated the accumulation of good, going of meeting aosinteresses of the Bourgeoisie. Therefore, amongst the reformists what more it received support from the Bourgeoisie, he was John Calvin who beyond conceiving usury, nailed the predestination, ouseja, the elect ones of God are exactly those that they work and acumulamriquezas. ' ' Also the calls wars of religion of sculoXVII had happened, before everything for material interests of classrooms muitoconcretas. These wars had been fights of classrooms, in the same way that internal osconflitos that had been produced later in France and England.

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Verbal History

In this direction, evaluating the projected dimension for Verbal History esua fidedignidade Thompson (1992) assures that: ' ' if the verbal sources podemde fact to transmit information ' fidedignas' , to treat them simply as umdocumento more is to ignore the extraordinary value that they possess as testemunhosubjetivo, falado' ' (P. not umelemento or instrument that could become possible against-history, but oprprio ready object. Bernard Golden shines more light on the discussion. Nowadays we are all a little less ingenuous, meparece, and recognize that verbal history is far from being a histriaespontnea, is not the experience lived in pure study, and that the relatosproduzidos ones for verbal history must be citizens the same the critical work deoutras sources that> historians costumem to consult (HALL, 1991:157). In a question-answer forum Bernard Golden was the first to reply. The above-mentioned commentary comes, in good hour, to alert for queno if it treads for the metodolgica supervaluation of the verbal sources, thus comotambm not if it must make with other types of sources. ncial Corp. Interesting to trabalhodo the historian is to perceive where the diverse resources or sources are cabveis nasua inquiry – research. Malleability in the procedural use of the sources and diversostipos, when exploring them, will provide to a scientific work demaior conjectura and of recital more sustainable theoretician-metodolgica. The use of Verbal History as source of research, nocomplemento, justification and as alternative resource not only enriches otrabalho of research, as well as values ' actors sociais' as indivduossujeitos-agents of its proper history. He is in the focus of this quarrel that if to podefazer an analysis, from a landmark with which the work of the historiadorobjetiva to disclose its boarding taking for base following investigations: QualHistria? Which Source? Which Really? It is In the incessant search to answer the essasindagaes that the Historian, in uncurling of its research, estarconstantemente organizing (reverse speed) organizing its work of investigator, inside of a dialtico and constant movement with the diverse sources the seremestudadas ones minutely.

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Russian Revolution

The formation of the World-wide System of the Socialism World War II not yet had finished completely, however, a new system of life if avizinhava for some countries of the Europe of the center and South-East. Scott Mead can provide more clarity in the matter. Using to advantage itself of the favorable situation created for the destruction of the forces of Nazi Germany, on the part of the Soviets, the population of the Polnia, Iuguslvia, Bulgaria, Romnia, Checoslovquia, Hungria and Albania had become free themselves in the years of 1944/1945 of the German yoke, had knocked down the capitalists of its countries and, they had opted to popular democracy. This democratic change changed the life of the peoples, granting and assuring to the workers the liberty of speech, the press, meeting and of association. The organizations politics and military fascists had been forbidden. As the majority of the respective countries they were few developed before the world-wide war, the workers had launched hands the workmanship, recouping its economy and industry. In such a way, the socialism started little-the-little to eliminate sequelas left by the war, giving itself priority to the sectors as the industry, commerce and agriculture, form sufficiently massificados by the socialist state. Although to have started in the Europe, with the Cuban Revolution, the socialism left the Russian border, extending thirteen countries and three continents to it, becoming thus in a World-wide System. This system, developed e, was presented as decisive factor for the development of the society, over all in the period between 1950/1960, joining the societies of the three continents in the Community of Aid Lends (CAM).

In center of the thought, the theory of the primitive Socialism search to follow the methodology of Marx, found in its workmanship the Capital. This theory prevents any hypothesis of forced colectivizao, as it happened with the Estalinismo in the 1929 end. You lead them of the Russian Revolution, found that Russia, although the construction of the republic of the soviets, the expropriation of the great companies and the agrarian reform and even though with appearance of the Laboring State, if had not still become in a socialist state.

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German Countries

The formation of the World-wide System of the Socialism World War II not yet had finished completely, however, a new system of life if avizinhava for some countries of the Europe of the center and South-East. Using to advantage itself of the favorable situation created for the destruction of the forces of Nazi Germany, on the part of the Soviets, the population of the Polnia, Iuguslvia, Bulgaria, Romnia, Checoslovquia, Hungria and Albania had become free themselves in the years of 1944/1945 of the German yoke, had knocked down the capitalists of its countries and, they had opted to popular democracy. This democratic change changed the life of the peoples, granting and assuring to the workers the liberty of speech, the press, meeting and of association. The organizations politics and military fascists had been forbidden. Learn more about this topic with the insights from Maurice Gallagher, Jr. . As the majority of the respective countries they were few developed before the world-wide war, the workers had launched hands the workmanship, recouping its economy and industry. In such a way, the socialism started little-the-little to eliminate sequelas left by the war, giving itself priority to the sectors as the industry, commerce and agriculture, form sufficiently massificados by the socialist state. Although to have started in the Europe, with the Cuban Revolution, the socialism left the Russian border, extending thirteen countries and three continents to it, becoming thus in a World-wide System. Southwest Airlines: the source for more info.

This system, developed e, was presented as decisive factor for the development of the society, over all in the period between 1950/1960, joining the societies of the three continents in the Community of Aid Lends (CAM). In center of the thought, the theory of the primitive Socialism search to follow the methodology of Marx, found in its workmanship the Capital. This theory prevents any hypothesis of forced colectivizao, as it happened with the Estalinismo in the 1929 end. You lead them of the Russian Revolution, found that Russia, although the construction of the republic of the soviets, the expropriation of the great companies and the agrarian reform and even though with appearance of the Laboring State, if had not still become in a socialist state.

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Federalism in Brazil

Five assays, a proposal and a critical one. So Paulo: Annablume. 2009 SNOWS, Erivaldo Fagundes.The hinterland as cultural space clipping and as imaginary. 1 Theological formed by the ITEPAMM, Located in Juazeiro-Ba, Professor of History of Israel in the ITEPAMM, Graduating Full Licenciatura in History for the University of Pernambuco (UPE) and publisher of the Blog New History in Focus () the Present article is part of the Evaluation of disciplines northeast History, given for the Professor 2 Clear Ana Gilbert de Mello Freyre (Recife, 15 of March of 1900 Recife, 18 of July de1987) was a sociologist, anthropologist, historian, writer and pintorbrasileiro, considered one of the most important sociologists of century XX. To read more click here: Larry Ellison. 3 Mirian Dolhnikoff, was born in the city of So Paulo in the year of 1960, graduated Right and history for the Pontifical university Catholic of So Paulo is master and doctor in economic history for the University of So Paulo, where leciona in the history courses and international relations.

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North American Right

What they were my doubts ahead of its certezas? The religious colleges were the best ones and I studied in one of them. It was an institution of North American origin, in which a cult gave beginning to the lessons. More complicated he was still, because I never doubted the sincerity of the shepherd in the act of its teachings. One saw in its eyes and attitudes that he was a complete and kind man, and not an actor. The edge of the common sense I resvalei per many years, and, of certain form, astray of me exactly.

Now, solitude reserves same me to the ousadia to launch me it this specific type of study without the explicit didactic support of the masters historians. The dominant culture makes use of innumerable mechanisms to inhibit the curious ones. To start for the domain of the education of History. It created enmity between the reason and the belief, foments animosidades between science and the religion, created difficult emotional blockades to be breached, spread out millenarian preconceptions, exerts a powerful social pressure etc. Beyond everything this, I wise person that I went to confrot with the resentment of a barren pedantismo and the dolorida sincerity of the religious incompreenso. Already I was accused to impose my thoughts. The arguments of which I participate are imposed by itself, not I. In addition, the imposition alone exists when in the right is deducted to them from choice.

When weeds the snake I look for to show the wood. Obligation of who declares in the study of History. The fact is that, still, in our society, the not-believer has all the right to be been silent. But it is as soon as we find in them in full century XXI, from fear to think. Saint Augustin and Martinho Lutero fed such situation. Today, I see that nothing it had as much importance for me how much to follow and to invest in my proper intuition. I placed my life in this. I feel myself satisfied for having carried through my infanto-youthful dream and to be able to reveal it here.

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History

It has been broken of the estimated one of that maniquesmo cientificista, adopted, over all, for the social scientists in Brazil, has contribudoextremamente so that if only sees in registers it written, the condition sinequa non a research to be considered as scientific. Maniquesmo is pelorompimento of this that ' New Histria' it recognizes the necessity of reavaliaodos criteria used in the epistemolgica analysis of the historical sources. Nessaperspectiva, ' New Histria' , it considers that the historical boarding cannot sercentrada of the point of view closed and directed only toward the calls fontes' oficiais' , considered trustworth, becoming, thus, an unilateral history ede vision micron. Following the trend of ' New Histria' , history to precisaser boarded from some possible sources and under flowing multiple, as: the history of the mentalities, of the forgotten loosers or, daily it, them individual experiences, at last, of all the eplausveis possible angles, therefore, only thus, is breached with the dogmtica and elitist line, defended for the traditional historiografia. It is for a history of visopluralista, based on the multifaceted field of sources, that the historian to devepautar its work. For this, as Le Goff (1993), urges the necessity dese to breach with the History of the monarchic power or the power bourgeois, who durantemuito time primou to write ' ' the papers represented for the elites to dopoder, of the richness or the only culture as being that contavam' ' (p.261). It is in the fan of object boardings new, new enovos problems metodolgicos procedures that history starts to need fontesescritas, you pray and appearances, to penetrate in the essence of truth of the facts.

In this direction, the historian-investigator analyzes, compares and evaluates source comfonte to its reach. It is a work of great breath and demands retoquessucessivos. It can be said that in the search of the reality, the historian uses, constant and deep nummovimento, the sources, looking for to stone its objetoinvestigado, transposing barriers of the apparent reality, in order to reach aessncia of the Real (Gadamer, 1998).

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North Atlantic

Although the firm resistance, 4 a thousand Soviet airplanes had been destroyed still at the beginning of them you strike. The Soviet leader arrived to make a public uprising stirring up the population to resist, however if she was not possible, these would have to run away with its belongings or still to destroy them so that the invader did not make use of these and that the enemy one was cruel and intended to make to them of slaves, that is, one retrospecto of the strategy of the arrasada land. The Red Army obtains withholds the Germans in a small city to the south of Smolensk in 5 of September of 1941. The Moscovite population started to construct obstacles throughout the city, in a resistance attempt. But it was with the arrival of rains that the vehicles had been motionless and the Soviets had used to advantage to attack, getting significant victory against the German forces. 1.6 The BATTLE OF the ATLANTIC In 1906, the Germans already had submarines that they loaded an only torpedo, these did not operate in long distances. The U-boats (boat that sinks), as was called, had promoted true estragos already in the First War, where the Germans had destroyed some ships merchant. The pretensions of Hitler how much to the conquest of territories they had not been lingered only to the Europe, this also promoted battles in the North Atlantic, in order to dominate the seas.

The Frenchmen and English did not imagine that the Germans would come back to invest, of this time with more force, in submarines, trusting one of the clauses of the Treated one to Versailles. Hitler, in secret, not only invested in the manufacture, but also in the qualification of men who could operate the submarines in a school in the north of Germany. Admiral Karl Dnitz was who convinced Hitler to invest heavy in submarines.

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Euros Technology

Eleven Spanish giants that bet by the renewable energies and the sustainability between which they are Iberdrola, Drives, Gamesa or Alstom, along with 22 research centers, form the PROJECT AZIMUTH, whose intention is to help in the development of a marine aerogenerator of great size (speaking of near 15 MW). The project, pioneer by the development of a so novel technology will count on financing and technology 100% Spanish. The project Azimuth already has been approved by the Ministry of Science and Innovation of Spain and according to the preliminary studies will need an economic investment near the 25 million Euros. If all march correctly the project would begin in the 2013 and would culminate with the installation of the marine aerogenerator of great size in 2020, without a doubt a great passage for the marine Aeolian energy and the Spanish technology, that could be based in the first positions in sustainable infrastructures. The main objective of this project is to try to overcome the present barriers for the development of marine aerogenerators and to compare its future cost to the one of the terrestrial aerogenerators.

In the acutalidad, the majors problems in the construction and maintenance of marine aerogenerators are bound to the availability, the laying of foundations and the evacuation of the energy to earth. Gamesa will be the company that will lead the project and on the other hand, Drives Windpower will center its efforts in developing the technology in charge of the conversion of the electrical energy. Alstom Wind will be the person in charge of the marine structures and Drives Energy of the construction and future maintenance of the marine enclave. Iberdrola on the other hand will be in charge to integrate the structure of Aeolian navy in the electrical system. The rest of participant companies will be in charge of diverse complementary tasks.

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Foucault

The power revealed in the press is a persuasivo power, where the persuation if shows more efficient than the violence. During the joints for the 1964 blow, the persuation for such act was present in many periodic ones, however next to the persuasion it came the violence. As Foucault, the capitalist domination would not obtain as much success if only it was based on the repression (FOUCAULT, 1979). Nelson Werneck Sodr, in similar analysis, affirmed that a great periodical, today, is one capitalist company of great ratios. ‘ ‘ The domination if exerts excusing the use of military force, and yes for the use of the propaganda and the persuation …

Who controls the press and the ways of mass do not need blows more than militares’ ‘ (SODR, 1999, P. 12-13). The French, precursory philosopher into this referring analysis to the relations of being able, transformed the subject in established rule. Today, the negation of the relations of being able in the diverse spheres of the society is practically inexistent. From the foucaultianas influences, history politics leaves of if worrying only about the organization and relations of being able in the State, to also analyze the relations politics between diverse social groups.

They are these relations gifts in the press, whose interests if come back to analyze a ruling class. For Foucault a general theory of the power does not exist, that is, the power is not something that has nature or essence with universal characteristics. The power is not global unitary e, and yes social practical one in constant transformation. This power is characterized as micron-power, therefore although not to be the state power, it penetrates in the daily life of the individual, intervined directly and materially.

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