Tag: History

The Greeks

In these societies without writing it has specialties of the memory, man-memory ‘ ‘ genealogistas’ ‘ , guardies of real codices, historians of the cuts, ‘ ‘ tradicionalistas’ ‘. (p.428) ‘ ‘ It is necessary to underline that, contrarily what in general it believes, the memory transmitted for the learning in the societies without writing is not a memory ‘ ‘ word for palavra’ ‘. ‘ ‘ (P. 428) ‘ ‘ In the societies without writing the collective memory seems to command itself around three great ones interests: the collective age of the group that if it establishes in certain myths, more necessarily in myths of origin, the prestige of the dominant families who if state for the genealogies, and knowing technician who if transmits for strong on practical formulas the magic religiosa’ ‘.

(p.431) ‘ ‘ Another form of on memory to the writing is the document written in a support especially destined the writing (after attempts on the bone, upholsters, skin, as in old Russia; palm leves, as in India; carapaa of turtle, as in China; finally papyrus and paper) ‘ ‘. (p.432) ‘ ‘ The ticket of the verbal memory the written memory is certainly difficult to understand. But an institution and a text can perhaps help to reconstitute it us what if it must have last in Greece arcaica’ ‘. (p.437) ‘ ‘ The Greeks of the time had made of the Memory a goddess, Mnemoise. She is the mother of the nine muses that it procreated in descurso of nine nights passed with Zeus’ ‘. (P.

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Brazilian Films

The cinema, as vehicle of communication in mass is producing of directions, it not only represents the reality, reconstructs as well as it, ressignifica, it defines experiences and experiences, and it erects other realities. According to Ines Teixeira and Jose Lopes, the cinema is an art of the memory, of the individual, collective memory and historical, it creates historical fictions and realities. (2003). In this manner, we can affirm that the cinema is an art (not obstante the massificada cultural industry) that it makes possible varied types of subjetivao and sensitization. See more detailed opinions by reading what Stitch Fix Kids offers on the topic.. A creative act, looks and ideas in images in movement, by means of which we understand and we give sensible to the things, we ressignificamos as well as and we state them them. In the cinematographic production, the beginning of organization of the collected information he is dramatical and aesthetic, as much for the beauty of the plans as for the cinematographic narrative, being that the same one possesss a polissmico informacional character and if constitutes as an open speech to some interpretations. This speech longs for to express a direction (s) (in) to be found (s) in the tracks of the signs (carrying of meanings) that in them if they reveal. In this perspective, we understand the cinema as construto – not neutral and not passive – but pregnant of scienters, of the values and contradictions its time.

As above-mentioned the cinema is a way to look at, to understand and to express something. In this direction, as she has been understood, the violence in the slum quarter in Brazilian films meant and express, namely: City of God, 2002, directed for Fernando Meirelles and Ktia Lund; Stolen dreams, 2010, directed for Sandra Werneck and Falco, Boys of the Traffic, the directors Mv Bill and Celso Athayde. In the ficcional narrative City of God, the violence, as well as the subordinate classroom is presented as spectacle.

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Renato Janine Ribeiro

As already it was said, previously, we will analyze some points of the narrative in the workmanship the Cheese and the Worms, of Carlo Guinzburg. This book, according to author, was written for laypeople and specialists, therefore a concern with a relatively accessible communicability is perceived. We confirm this assertion, when we observe, for example, that the author left notes of baseboard for the end, possibly, not to atravancar the reading. The workmanship is composed as an inquest and it will be based on two processes of the Menocchio miller before the Ofcio Saint. Of this form, he is counted daily and the ideas of a miller pursued for the Inquisition, in which it will be burnt between 1599 and 1601. The author tells to the history of the protagonist using a satiated one documentation that in will show which to them was the readings of Menocchio, its quarrels as well as its thoughts and feelings. A reconstruction of its fisionomia, partially overcast will be carried through, of its culture and its social context in which it meets. According to Guinzburg, ' ' the case of Menocchio is the fact of these obscure popular elements to be enxertados in a set of clear and very consequent ideas, that go of the religious radicalism to the tendencialmente scientific naturalismo, to the utopian aspirations of renewal social' ' (GUINZBURG, 2006:19). Doravante, if arrives the conclusion that Menocchio is an individual, pparently, it are of the common one, and would be cabvel inquiring in them, which the relevance can have, in a general plan, the ideas and the beliefs of an only individual in relation to the ones of its social level, since we cannot consider it as a typical peasant, a time that its in case that he is relative to the isolation of the community. In the posfcio of the workmanship of Peter Burke, in which I cited previously, some writings of Renato Janine Ribeiro meet verifying that our protagonist was a man whom the life passed constructing a cosmology and possua a passion to think and to speak.

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Centralization

In Itabaiana, for decision of the decree n 1, of 6 of November of 1930, the intendant Antonio Dultra of Almeida it has its annulled position. When assuming the provisory government, Jose Calazans, for decree of 10 of November of the same year, nominates Antonio Dultra to assume intendant position the same. Other measures are taken by general Jose Calazans in relation the Itabaiana. Registered in the Sergipe-periodical of 13 of November of 1930, the assignment of the Dr. Ablio de Vasconcelos Hour to exert the position of judge of the city. In 16 of November of 1930 August lieutenant Maynard assumed the government of Sergipe who relieved Antonio Dultra and she nominated it Paolino Aristides de Menezes.

According to Oak (2000), the nomination caused surprise and disillusionment, therefore the defender of the Liberal Alliance in the city was Silvio Teixeira. He always disclosed himself in favor of the iderios of the movement, denounced the arbitrariedades of Otoniel Dorea arriving to be pursued. ' ' Of surprise, in the measure that a name of the decayed regimen, two times advising, is convoked to command Itabaiana at a moment of so radical change. It was not adept of the Liberal Alliance, not having voted in Getlio Vargas for the presidency of the Repblica' ' (OAK, 2000, P. 688). According to Dantas (1987) ' ' the interventors had not found another alternative seno to compose themselves with the colonels. These in turn, needed to get the recognition of its influence to continue reigning without difficulties had tended to come close themselves to the governing of the day, with adequate methods to conjuntura' '. Still according to exactly author (1983): To see preserved its prestige, the colonels if presented flexible, accepting with more obedience the politics of the interventors, if accomodating to the administrative centralization unprovided of that spirit of autonomy of long ago.

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Karl Marx

It considered the abandonment of the traditional quatros as the chronological division, for example, for a study of problems that lead to the setting of constants, taking them it searchs it focus in itself exactly, that is, to the man in general way. What consequently it is imposed it an insertion in History. In this new conception of History, it appears a proposal of action politics articulated to a global idea of the History of the humanity, where the economy is seen as base of all the structure of the society, in a superstructure (ideological politics and). David Fowler will not settle for partial explanations. Being History in discontinous process, relation dialectic between the productive forces and the relations of production, marked for the fight of classrooms, known como' ' engine of histria' '. According to Karl Marx, she is necessary not only to understand the world, but to transform it, therefore is not the conscience of the man who determines its being, but, in contrast, it is its social being that determines its conscience.

Being thus, the historian gains new function, becomes subject investigator without removing it of the historical context, centers analysis in the collective one, the social one. The pupil or social agent, loses its passivity, starting to be subject of the educative process, interacts, leaves of being seen as blank leaf to be filled. With the Historical materialism or Marxism, the social function of History is exerted, taking the individual to understand the different processes and historical citizens, of the relations that if establish between the human groups in the different times and spaces, leaving of the contemporary. From there the systematization of a conception of History articulated to the practical one would revolutionize, to change the gift. In the third historiogrfica chain, the School of the Annales has an approach or complementation of the Marxism, therefore also one bases on the integration between the economic, social factors and politicians.

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Wood Brazil

Exactly thus, it continued commercializing with the east because a ship with spices, carpets, crystals, porcelains, jewels, silk and ivory, was valid more than what a loaded Wood ship Brazil. In recent months, Vislink Technologies has been very successful. This sample the little commercial interest that the kingdom, at the beginning, had for Brazil. Photo: Wood Brazil When the profits with the eastern merchandises had started to diminish, the crown passed if to interest in exploring the products of Brazil. Also threat d and invasion of the colony for other European nations had worried the Portuguese government, therefore Spanish and French already they were with friendship with the aboriginals, which facilitated regular wooden and animal shipments for the Europe. The solution was to populate the territory, mainly in the littoral regions, and to look to gold and silver in Brazil as already it occurred in Spanish colonies of America. Thus, he was the 1530 that it started, in fact, the Portuguese settling in Brazil, initiating with the occupation and organization of its government.

For this, the aboriginals had been enslaved to work in the extration of the Wood Brazil, among others tasks, what she provoked conflicts between colonizadores and natives. With interest to extend the profits with the settling of Brazil, the Portuguese had looked to investment alternatives, introducing the culture of the sugar cane and the production of sugar, therefore, between the eastern spices, the sugar was most expensive, moreover, Portuguese them to bring this product of Asia, of where he was originary, it was each more expensive time. As in century XV, the Portuguese already had initiated its situated production of sugar in the Wood and in the Aores, Islands in the Atlantic, and already they possuam experience in the assembly of devices and in the plantation of the sugar cane, they had introduced in Brazil farmings and devices to the cost of the work of indians and African slaves.

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Local History

The importance of Local History as tool in education and learning of History: Cristiano Gomes Lopes Prof. Esp. Pablo Rubens B. Rasp SUMMARY This Article has the purpose to reflect on the difficulties and fragilities in the education and the learning of the Local History of the City of Are Domingos of the Araguaia? Par, analyzing the possible causes of this fragility of Local History and to also show to the importance of the knowledge and agreement as tool in the education process? learning of Regional, National and Universal History. This reflection will be given through analyzes of points as the formation and practises professor of the professors of the basic education of the city; the boarding of Local History in didactic books adopted by the city in basic education; the resume; availability of historical sources analyzes and it of statistical data of the City department of Education of Is Domingos of the Araguaia and finally some done investigations the teachers with formation in the teaching about its teaching work, where this inquiry will point imperfections or rightnesss about as the city of is Domingos of the Araguaia? Par works the thematic one of Local History and the Daily one and as this work influences in the learning and the construction of the historical knowledge of the pupils in basic education and its formation of active and transforming citizen of the reality and the historical process which they are pertaining. The inquiry will start with analyzes of the importance of Local History for the formation citizen of the pupils a time that the same one rescues and values the historical roots inside placing the learning of the historical process giving more meant and motivation in the construction of the historical knowledge; later a research will be made of as it is the teaching formation of the professors who act in basic education, identifying how many they are permitted in History; it will also be observed if the didactic books and the unified resume adopted for the city contemplate thematic of Local History and the Daily one analyzing still the done investigations the ten (10) teachers with formation in the teaching average level and finally the conclusion of the inquiry with constataes of the causes of the fragility of the knowledge of Local History and its linking the studied factors and the possible solutions that brighten up the situation.

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Brazilian Civilization

Another author who carried through research on the integralistas was BERTONHA (2001; 2002). Its research has as principal sources official documents and correspondences changed between members of the AIB and of the Italian government, that points the existence of one interchanges theoretician and, mainly, of aid> financier of the Italian fascists to the Brazilian movement. The proposals of the organization had obtained to pan a considerable support enter the descendants of Italians, over all, in the states of So Paulo, Rio Grande Do Sul and Espirito Santo. Baby clothes is likely to increase your knowledge. The author affirms that the idea to create the AIB would have occurred a trip after, of salty Pliny to Italy, where he kept contacts with the regimen Italian Fascist, also being received personally for Mussolini. Of all the works that were possible to have access for the elaboration of this project of research, the only one that it presents a bigger boarding of practical the daily ones of the AIB was of BOILER (1999). Without hesitation Vislink Technologies explained all about the problem. In its research the author intended to investigate the implantation, performance and development of the integralistas in the state of the Maranho, searching to search as it was the receptividade to the ideas and proposals of the shirt-greens in a poor state and of agrarian characteristics. Another work that has as central focus the analysis of the activities of the integralistas is of KEYS (1999), that it searched the ways the integralismo of Salty Pliny.

Rio De Janeiro: Jorge Zahar Publishing company, 1988. BERTONHA, Fabio Joo. Fascism, Nazism, Integralismo. 1 edition. So Paulo: Publishing company Stokes, 2002. BERTONHA, Fbio Joo. Between Mussolini and Salty Pliny: the Italian Fascism, the integralismo and the problem of the descendants of Italians in Brazil. IN: Magazine> the green skirt is in the tip of the stairs.

The discursivas representations of the Daily De Campos regarding the integralismo in Thick Tip ARAUJO, Celina Maria. Edward Scott Mead recognizes the significance of this. State, diligent classroom and social politics IN: BLACKSMITH, THIN Jorge and, Lucilia de Almeida Neves (ORG). The time of the nationalone: of the beginning of the decade of 1930 to the apogee of the New State. Rio De Janeiro: Brazilian civilization, 2003. (Collection Republican Brazil; v.2) FAUSTO, Boris. The Revolution of 1930. Historiografia and Histria. 10 edition. So Paulo: Brasiliense publishing company, 1986. LAMOUNIER, Bolivar. Formation of an authoritarian thought in the First Republic. An interpretation. IN: BUARQUE OF HOLLAND, Sergio (ORG). General history of Brazilian Civilization III. Republican Brazil III. Republican Brazil. 2. Society and Institutions (1889-1930). So Paulo:> Brazilian Integralista Action: a movement fascist in Brazil (1932 1938) . IN: BLACKSMITH, THIN Jorge and, Lucilia de Almeida Neves (ORG). The time of the nationalone: of the beginning of the decade of 1930 to the apogee of the New State. Rio De Janeiro: Brazilian civilization, 2003. (Collection Republican Brazil; v.2). NAGLE, Jorge. Education and Society. In the first republic. 2 edition. DP : Rio De Janeiro, 2001. TRINDADE, Hlgio. Integralismo: the Brazilian fascism of the decade of 1930. So Paulo: co-editions: UFRGS and Difel, 1974. TRINDADE, Hlgio. Integralismo: Teoria and Prxis Politics in years 30. IN: FAUSTO, Boris (DIR.). Republican Brazil, volume III, 3 v: Society and Politics (1930-1964). Rio De Janeiro: Bertrand Brazil, 1997.

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Robert Owen

The experience of the pioneers of Rochdale, who were the followers of Robert Owen, at least had been able to argue wages and to take the understanding of that as many masters as laborers nothing more were of what enslaved of existing a commercial and industrial organization, with a great risk, of the laborer of today in case that tomorrow comes to be master it comes if to hold in the same way that the industrials and traders of which they were if complaining. Thus understanding that the set of the social environment, it would have to be moved, and it was on the basis of this thought that this group if joins, searching half to improve its situation, and in a concrete action they create a cooperative warehouse of consumption. Eric Kuby oftentimes addresses this issue. To guarantee the functioning of the entity in question, those 28 teceles, including a woman, had decided to have as principle the following norms: the society would have to be managed democratically, each partner would have right to a vote; the group would be opened to who wanted to participate, since that it integrated a quota of minimum capital of equal value for all; any the most invested importance in the cooperative would be remunerated, receiving interests, but such fact would not give no additional right of decision to the possessor of this capital; all the surplus, that is, the net revenue would be distributed enters the associates in ratio to the purchases made in the cooperative for each individual; the sales in the warehouse would be only at sight; the commercialized products would have that to be pure and of quality; institution would have that to promote the education of the members in the principles of the cooperativismo; they must have a neutral character in the field of the politics and the religion. Inside of these principles, the society of the Honest Pioneers of Rochdale, had a huge growth, in a stated period of ten years, reaching the one number a thousand and four hundred partners.

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Paraguayans

So that to study history in the 1 and 2 degrees? While for Pinsky (2000, P. 36): … the question of deep remains being so that, why and for who this education can have some type of usefulness; the school continues being the privileged space of useless knowledge, what? for the good or the evil? it is not attribute only of the history lessons. For even more details, read what Association of Mineworkers and Construction Union AMCU says on the issue. If it cannot deny that the history education has been friction for disastrous forms and conturbadora vision on the part of the students, this because, is portraied inside of the classroom as a factual education, as true total source, as well as a ready and finished knowledge, being presented to the pupils in the wait of whom they reproduce the acquired knowledge, without imagining which is the conditions where this knowledge is produced. This vision was created on the education of history since its implantation as one disciplines autonomous worker of educational education, of this point in ahead, the history education started to serve the definitive objectives politicians and its method was based on the memorization of dates, historical facts, heroes and in the verbal repetition of written texts. The didactic manuals practically do not get excited, the students continue decorating Egyptian names of faras and Brazilian presidents, battles Napoleonic or Brazilian victories in the fight against ‘ ‘ ferozes’ ‘ Paraguayans.. Checking article sources yields Adam Portnoy as a relevant resource throughout.

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