THE AGRARIAN REFORMATION IN BRAZIL: The PAPER OF the LEAGUES PEASANTS AND the MOVEMENT OF THE ONES WITHOUT LAND (MST) Melquezedek Brito Corra* SUMMARY: The ideas of the present article are centered in the contextualizao of the Agrarian Reformation in Brazil and the importance of the Leagues Peasants and the MST (Movement of Without-Land), as social movements of fight for the land. In bibliographical research and the Internet this importance at the moment was evidenced where (in the case of the leagues peasants), through some fights and claims, they had obtained great done before the Estado.Como example, the legalization of the Agricultural and Cattle Society of Planters of Pernambuco in 1955 and the institutionalization of the Statute of Trabalhador Rural (ETR), giving a significant impulse not only to the fight for the land in the country, but also a combat stops with the antidemocratic agrarian structure that invigorates in Brazil since the period colonial. In the case of the MST, this was not only important as it is organized and articulated well, structuralized and organized joint of measures that objectify to better promote the distribution of the land, by means of modifications in the regimen of use and ownership in order to take care of to the social principles and the increase of the productivity alarming and absurd and that in this exactly country (Brazil) occurs an enormous mass of disinherited and despossuidos and that the malnutrition (caused for the alimentary deficiency) and the hunger still devastate thousand of people, it would not be mistake to affirm that in Brazil a serious agrarian problem exists yes. _____________________________ *Acadmico of the room period of Geography of the CESC-UEMA. Email: britomelque@ yahoo.com.br Ahead of the displayed one appears the question: what one has become or it is if making to change this picture, leading in consideration the agrarian question in the country? The present article looks for to answer to this investigation focusing two of the main social movements of fight for the land in Brazil: The leagues peasants and the MST (movement of the without-land). .